Brain on a Chip? It's here already. A lot of transhumanists have been proposing the idea of an augmented humanity, i.e. a melding of humans with electronic devices.
Image via CrunchBase
DARPA has already been looking at exoskeletons that people could strap on and easily pickup 100 lbs of weight or artificial limbs that allow runners to run at high speeds.
One of the more interesting thoughts is augmenting the brain. There is a very interesting article about IBM producing a prototype of a brain on a chip that plays pong. What is really interesting about this article is not that the fact that the chip can play pong but how the chip plays pong as the chip can adapt to types of information that it
wasn't specifically programmed to expect unlike most current information processing architectures. This new architecture is a digital neuron and synapse. Each
"core," or processing engine, has computing, communication and
memory functions. What makes these chips unique is that memory and the processor are very closely brought
together. There's a massive, massive amount of parallelism.