Saturday, October 26, 2013

Getting Lost, Memory and Hearing Problems

Finding your way around town, recalling your grocery list that you forgot at home, and reporting the details of a car accident that you’ve witnessed. What do these events have in common? You must utilize your working memory for all of them. Working memory is a system for short-term storing and managing the information in order to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. It’s also an important component to central auditory processing, which is how our central nervous system utilizes auditory information.
There are adults (and children) who have significant difficulty with such tasks as described above. They may have auditory processing difficulties or disorders, including those who have been formally diagnosed by an audiologist with Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD). CAPD is defined by American Speech Hearing Association (ASHA) as difficulties in the processing of auditory information in the central nervous system (CNS) as demonstrated by poor performance in one or more of the following skills: sound localization and lateralization; auditory discrimination; auditory pattern recognition; temporal aspects of audition, including temporal integration, temporal discrimination (e.g., temporal gap detection), temporal ordering, and temporal masking; auditory performance in competing acoustic signals (including dichotic listening); and auditory performance with degraded acoustic signals.

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