|English: Gestalt psychology - perception Magyar: Gestalt-pszichológia alapelvei (Photo credit: Wikipedia)|
These principles are:
- Figure Ground Relationship: Elements are perceived as either figures (distinct elements of focus) or ground (the background or landscape on which the figures rest).
- Law of Prägnanz: Humans tend to interpret ambiguous or complex images as simple and complete.
- Uniform Connectedness: Elements that share uniform visual characteristics are perceived as being more related than elements with disparate visual characteristics.
- Good Continuation: Elements arranged on a line or curve are perceived to be more related than elements not on the line or curve.
- Closure: When looking at a complex arrangement of individual elements, humans tend to first look for a single, recognizable pattern.
- Common Fate: Humans tend to perceive elements moving in the same direction as being more related than elements that are stationary or that move in different directions.
- Proximity: Things that are close to one another are perceived to be more related than things that are spaced farther apart.
- Similarity: Things that are similar are perceived to be more related than things that are dissimilar.